SECOND BRIGADE MARINE CORPS
13 JANUARY, 1928
From: 0000 1 January 1928
To : 2400 7 January 1928
GENERAL STATE OF TERRITORY OCCUPIED:
(a) The neutral zone is quiet. Although
there was a large labor strike in
CORINTO during the week no disorders
(b) The outlying parts are normal with
the exception of the northern areas,
which Sandino continues to keep in a
lawless state with his banditry actions.
(a) The laborers of CORINTO called a
strike for higher wages. This strike was
very serious due to the present heavy
exporting of coffee. General Moncada
persuaded the strikers to return to work
at the old scale of wages until their
complatines had been thoroughly
investigated. A committee has been
appointed by C.D. Ham, and is now
investigating the labor conditions of
CORINTO. Until this committee has
completed its investigation and has
rendered its report, the laborers are
peacefully fulfilling their side of the
(b) Several other strikes were
threatened during the week but, so far,
none of them have materialized. One of
these is that of the railroad engineers.
If the engineers do go on a strike, and
the labor situation in CORINTO is not
corrected to the satisfaction of the
laborers there so that they again
strike, our forces will have a very
heavy duty placed upon them in the
question of supplies.
ATTITUDE OF CIVIL POPULATION TOWARD
The present attitude of the local press
toward us is neither friendly nor
Routine work; nothing to report.
See attached sheet.
At CORINTO, a Woman Liberal party has
been organized, with General Jose M.
Moncada as their candidate for President
and Mr. Carlos A. Castro Wassmer as
Vice-President. This organization
has for its secretary Helida Ross
A. C. LARSEN.
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1. Enemy: The mountain stronghold EL
CHIPOTE and immediate vicinity. More or
less small independent bandit groups of
2. Marines: A special combat expedition
at QUILALI and garrisons in the towns of
SOMOTO: PATASTE: JICARO: SAN FERNANDO:
TELEPANECA: OCOTAL and PUEBLO NUEVO.
1. Enemy: A heavy concentration at
2. Marines: The column of First Lieut.
Richal and Captain Livingston effected a
junction at Quilali. A large
concentration of Marines towards SAN
SUPPLY AND EQUIPMENT:
1. There are numerous ways that
SANDINO'S forces may obtain their
supplies and equipment. Nothing definite
is known but consistent rumors place the
area of Honduras north of JALAPA as the
chief source. The COCO RIVER is also a
very plausible means of entry.
2. Medical supplies, food, clothing and
munitions have been furnished our field
units by truck trains, ox-carts, pack
trains and also by the large transport
plane of our air forces.
There is practically no doubt that
SANDINO has planned to make a determined
stand at CHIPOTE. Great activity in
preparing CHIPOTE for defense has been
observed by our air patrols.
UNITS IN CONTACT:
At a point about three miles south of
VUELTAS, Richal's column was ambushed by
a force of bandits estimated at 350 to
450 in strength. At the time of the
encounter our forces were proceeding
along a trail-in single file up the side
of a mountain. The point of the column
had just turned a curve near the bottom
of the hill when the point commander
observed a suspicious movement and
started to draw his pistol. Before he
could succeed in drawing his pistol the
bandits opened a heavy fire which
instantly killed him. The enemy was well
entrenched and protected by the heavy
underbrush. In about an hour the bandits
were routed and our forces captured the
Marines: One killed (1st
Two seriously wounded.
Two slightly wounded.
Bandits: Thirty known
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MILITARY OPERATIONS: Cont'd.
Work was rushed on constructing a
landing field at QUILALI, in order that
we would be able to evacuate the
seriously wounded; suffered in the
engagements of Livingston's and Richal's
columns. A small landing field was
cleared by January 6th, and the
evacuation of the wounded was commenced
that date, by plane, to Managua.