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PC27.12.18   martin

INVENTORY OF PC-DOCS, THRU 1927

24.02.18 BOURKE
24,03,24 BIRNBAUMER
27.05.19 CHAPPELL
27.06.07 SWANSON
27.06.22 RICHAL
27.07.16 HATFIELD
27.07.20 HATFIELD
27.07.28 HATFIELD
27.08.12 FLOYD
27.08.18 BRUCE
27.09.04 O'SHEA
27.09.05 MCQUADE
27.09.08 CHAPPELL
27.09.20 KENYON
27.09.22 PEARD
27.10.12 O'SHEA
27.10.18 SATTERFIELD
27.11.02 CHAPPELL
27.11.02 GOULD
27.11.06 PEARD
27.11.07 BELLINGER
27.11.10 KEIMLING
27.11.11 BROWN
27.11.12 HARBAUGH
27.11.13 CRUM
27.11.14 DARNELL
27.11.19 WELLS
27.11.20 BELLINGER
27.11.26 KEIMLING
27.12.06 PEARD
27.12.07 BROWN
27.12.11 BROWN
27.12.11 KEIMLING
27.12.11 HARBAUGH
27.12.15 BROWN
27.12.17 CRONMILLER
27.12.18 MARTIN
27.12.19 WELLS
27.12.31 GOULD

27.12.18.   Martin, Engagement with Bandits at Macuelizo

P C - D O C S :      P A T R O L   &   C O M B A T    R E P O R T S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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HEADQUARTERS
SECOND BRIGADE MARINE CORPS
MANAGUA, NICARAGUA
27 December 1927
 
B - 2 REPORT

. . . (F) MILITARY OPERATIONS: . . .
 
On December 17th, Corporal Martin with a mounted patrol of nine enlisted Marines and a native guide cleared SOMOTO, for a period of three days, for the purpose of patrolling the area to the northwest. At 1230, on December 18th, Corporal Martin, accompanied by two members of his patrol reported at SOMOTO with the word that his patrol had been attacked near MACUELIZE [Macuelizo], which is nine miles west of OCOTAL, by a force of approximately two hundred (200) well armed men, some of whom were wearing the uniform of the Honduranian troops. In the early part of the engagement the patrol forced the enemy back to the village of MACUELIZE. But, with their ammunition running low and under heavy fire Martin's men were forced to retreat unde down the RIO COCO; this move broke up the patrol and Corporal Martin, reporting in at SOMOTO stated that the six other men of his patrol had left for SOMOTO before him. Later in the afternoon the native guide reported in at SOMOTO stating that the six other Marines, uninjured, were near the town of PARAISITE, about fourteen miles northeast of SOMOTO, and were requesting assistance. A mounted patrol with Corporal Lukeshides in charge immediately left to re-enforce them. Captain Peard also sent heavy re-enforcements direct to MACUELIZO, with Lieut. Wells, G.N., in charge. (Upon the completion of their missions both of these patrols reported the patrolled area as quiet) at 1730, December 18th, five men of Corporal Martin's patrol reported in at OCOTAL without hats and mounts and stated that Private Callaway had been killed in action.
 
At 1425, December 18th, Observation Squadron sent there planes to reconnoiter this area; upon the completion of their mission they reported that the area appeared quiet. No bandit activity or groups were seen. The people around the farms showed no fear of the planes even when they came down low. The town of MACUELIZO is the only part of the area which could be called abnormal, as it appears nearly deserted, but, as it is the first time a patrol has been made in that direction it is not possible to say that this condition is only the ordinary or not. . . .

B-2 Report, 27 Dec 1927, Managua, pp. 3-4, NA127/43A/3

Ancillary Documents

Statements of USMC Corporal Frederick F. Martin and Privates Gerald D. Kent, Wallace L. Jacobson, Edward J. Carter, Leo L. Lussier, George O. Smith, Leonard H. Taylor regarding the death of Private Calloway, Macuelizo, December 18, 1927. 

(All statements carry the heading "Marine Detachment, Somoto, Nic., 9 February 1928.")


STATEMENT OF CORPORAL FREDERIC F. MARTIN, U.S.M.C.
relative to an attack on a patrol from Somoto, December 18, 1927.

     On December 17, 1927 I left Somoto with a patrol of nine men and one Native Guide for a four day patrol. The first night out we camped at a ranch in San Luis and on the following morning proceeded to Macullizo where we were fired on by a large force of bandits well armed and organized. After fighting them for about an hour and finding our rifle grenades defective we decided to withdraw. Privates Smith, Taylor and myself stayed behind to cover the retreat of the remainder of the patrol where we intended joining them on the Somoto trail. When we thought they were outside the town we mounted and started for the place we thought they were waiting for us but could not find them. In the rear of us the bandits had both sides of the road covered and were trying to head us off. They sniped us for about eight miles on our way to Somoto. Private Calloway distinguished himself during the first attack and Private Carter did excellent work also.

/s/ Frederick F. Martin
Corporal, U.S.M.C.


STATEMENT OF PRIVATE GERALD D. KENT, U.S.M.C.
relative to attack on a patrol from Somoto, Nic. December 18, 1927.

   I was a member of a patrol with eight other marines, Corporal Martin in charge, that left Somoto for a town called Macullizo on December 17, 1928. The first night out we stopped at a place by the name of San Luis at a ranch house. The next day we left at about 6:00 A.M. for Macullizo and on arriving at the town we were fired upon and took cover and fought for about forty five minutes. During this attack Corporal Martin and two other men became separated from the squad and were not missed until we were out of the town. Thinking that they were still in the town, we returned and fought our way back in the town but could not find the missing men. Private Calloway then took charge and we started for Somoto. When we were about two miles from San Luis we were again fired upon by a large force of bandits that had us surrounded in a pass between the hills. Private Calloway was shot at this place and he called Private Carter and told him to take charge of the squad and get out if possible. Private Carter then took charge and insisted that we remain with Private Calloway until he died which we did. Private Carter then took charge and led us up the side of a mountain under a heavy fire in the direction of Ocotal. After reaching the top of the hill Private Carter conducted the squad into Ocotal and reported to the Commanding Officer at that place. At all times during the firing, Private Carter was cool and used good judgment.

/s/ Gerald D. Kent,
Private, U.S.M.C.


STATEMENT OF PRIVATE WALLACE L. JACOBSON, U.S.M.C.
relative to an attack on a patrol from Somoto, Nic. December 18, 1927.

   Our patrol of nine men left Somoto at 2:00 A.M. on December 17, 1927 for a four day patrol. We arrived at Macullizo at about six O clock A.M. December 18th and were attacked. We fought at this place for about an hour and withdrew from the town. We had not moved more than a quarter of a mile from the town when we noticed that Corporal Martin, Private Taylor and Private Smith were missing. Private Calloway then said lets go back in the town for them. We got back into the town but could not find the remainder of our force and withdrew again due to the heavy fire we were under. We then started for Somoto and had gone about seven miles when we were again fired upon by a large force that had us well ambushed at a place we could not take cover. Private Calloway was killed here and before he died he urged Private Carter to take the rest of us out the best way he could. Private Carter refused to leave until he had died and then led us up the side of a mountain in the direction of Ocotal. We followed Carters instructions at all times.

/s/ Wallace L. Jacobson
Private, U.S.M.C.


STATEMENT OF PRIVATE EDWARD J. CARTER, U.S.M.C.
relative to an attack on a patrol from Somoto December 18, 1927.

   I left Somoto with a patrol December 17, 1927 for a four days patrol in the direction of Macullizo. We arrived at Macullizo on the morning of the 18th and was fired upon by a large number of bandits. We fought here for about an hour and as the fire was very heavy and the bandits closing in on us from all sides we withdrew from the town. Just after we got out of the town, we missed Corporal Martin, Private Taylor and Private Smith. Private Calloway then took charge and we decided to go back into the town for the missing men. We fought our way back into the town but could not locate the men and had to withdraw again. We then started for Somoto and after we had gone in that direction for about six miles we were again hit by a large force of bandits who had us ambushed from all sides. At this point Private Calloway was shot several times and killed. Before he died he urged that we all make a get away but I was determined not to leave him until he was dead. I placed him in an upright position by a tree and remained with him until he was dead. I then took his rifle bolt and threw it away and led the men over the hill in the direction of Ocotal to which place we arrived that night about six O clock and reported to the Commanding Officer.

/s/ Edward J. Carter
Private U.S.M.C.


STATEMENT OF PRIVATE LEO L. LUSSIER, U.S.M.C.
relative to an attack on a patrol from Somoto December 18, 1927.

   I was a member of a patrol that left Somoto, Nic. December 17, 1927 to be gone about four days. We had nine men with Corporal Martin in charge. We stopped the first night out at a ranch house in San Luis and left the next morning at about six O clock for Macuillizo. Arriving at Macullizo we were fired upon by a large force of bandits who were located on all sides of the town in the hills. We returned the fire and fought them for about an hour but as they kept closing in on us we decided to withdraw from the town. During this action, Corporal Martin and two other men became separated from the squad. Private Carter told us then that we all stood a better chance by sticking together and we all agreed to return to the town and find Corporal Martin and the other two men. Private Calloway being in charge at this time. We fought our way back into the town but as the fire was too heavy to remain there and, failing to find Corporal Martin and the other men, we withdrew in the direction of Somoto. On our way to Somoto we were again attacked by a large force of bandits who had us ambushed in a pass between the mountains. At this point Private Calloway was shot. We fought here for about thirty minutes. Although Calloway did not die instantly he told us to seek our own safety. Carter then took charge and placed Calloway beside a tree and remained with him until he died making the remark that we would not leave him there alive. He then led us up the mountain side in the direction of Ocotal and we made our escape to that place. It is my belief that if Private Carter had not taken charge of the situation when he did none of us would have gotten away. He was cool and used good judgment at all times.

/s/ Leo L. Lussier,
Private, U.S.M.C.


STATEMENT OF PRIVATE GEORGE O. SMITH, U.S.M.C.
relative to an attack on a patrol from Somoto December 18, 1927.

   I was a member of a patrol that left Somoto December 17, 1927 for a four day patrol with Corporal Martin in charge. On the following day, early in the morning, we arrived at Macullizo and were fired upon by a large force of bandits. We fought them for about an hour but as our rifle grenades failed to go off and they were closing in on us from all sides we had to quit the town. We thought we would all come together on the Somoto trail but after we got out of the town we found that only Corporal Martin, myself, and Private Taylor was present. Thinking they had gone on to Somoto we proceeded to that place and found that they had not returned.

/s/ George O. Smith
Private, U.S.M.C.


STATEMENT OF PRIVATE LEONARD H. TAYLOR, U.S.M.C.
relative to an attack on a patrol from Somoto December 18, 1927.

   I was a member of the patrol that left Somoto December 17, 1927, Corporal Martin in charge for a four day patrol. On the second day out we arrived at Macullizo early in the morning and on entering the town we were fired on by bandits. We fought them for quite a while killing and wounding several but as they kept closing in on us we had to leave the town. I n leaving the town, Corporal Martin, myself and Private Smith became separated from the other members of the patrol and could not find them on the Somoto trail where we expected to meet them. We returned to Somoto and found that the remaining six had not returned.

/s/ Leonard H. Taylor
Private, U.S.M.C.

127/204//3

Summary & Notes:

   Opening document is an extract from serial intelligence report; the original combat report has not been found.  Statements of Cpl. Martin and Pvts. Kent, Jacobson, Carter, Lussier, Smith, and Taylor on how the squad became separated into two groups, and on the death of Pvt. Calloway.
   Describes hard-fought battle near borderland town of Macuelizo; death of Pvt. Calloway the only Marine casualty.
   Participation of some men wearing Honduran Army uniforms suggests "bandits" were Chamorrista Conservatives.
   Nine Marines vs. ~200 armed men.

   Part of wider pacification effort in the zone, with Cpl. Lukeshides, Capt. Peard, Lt. Wells; this report goes along with the following report by Wells.

P C - D O C S :      P A T R O L   &   C O M B A T    R E P O R T S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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