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PC28.05.22   cramer

INVENTORY OF PC-DOCS, JANUARY—JUNE 1928

28.01.04 BROWN
28.01.04 BROWN
28.01.04 HUNT
28.01.05 KILCOURSE
28.01.08 SATTERFIELD
28.01.08 WADBROOK
28.01.21 SHAW
28.01.22 PEARD
28.01.31 KENYON
28.02.03 PEARD
28.02.04 MCDONALD
28.02.06 YOUNG
28.02.12 WATERMAN
28.02.18 GEYER
28.02.19 CLARK
28.02.19 GRAY
28.02.21 ORR
28.02.22 SHIEBLER
28.02.23 WELLS
28.02.24 SHIEBLER
28.02.24 ROCKEY
28.02.25 BROWN
28.02.26 CLARK
28.02.26 HOLMES
28.02.26 RIDDERHOF
28.02.27 GEYER
28.02.28 HUNTER
28.02.29 CLAUDE
28.02.29 CRONMILLER
28.03.01 O'DAY
28.03.05 MCNULTY
28.03.05 ROCKEY
28.03.11 AIKEN
28.03.15 CHAPPELL
28.03.16 ARTHUR
28.03.18 RIDDERHOF
28.03.22 ROCKEY
28.03.28 HUNTER
28.03.28 GEYER
28.04.05 ATKINSON
28.04.05 HART
28.04.05 ROBERTS
28.04.05 ROCKEY
28.04.08 HOLMES
28.04.09 PUTNAM
28.04.11 PUTNAM
28.04.11 SNEAD
28.04.15 HATFIELD
28.04.16 STOCKS
28.04.17 AIKEN
28.04.18 GALT
28.04.19 ESAU
28.04.19 MARSHALL
28.04.19 SNEAD
28.04.23 GALT
28.04.23 WILLIS
28.04.23 MCQUEEN
28.04.26 PEFLEY
28.04.28 MCQUEEN
28.04.30 ARNETT
28.05.06 HART
28.05.07 MERRITT
28.05.08 AIKEN
28.05.08 CLARK
28.05.09 KILCOURSE
28.05.11 AIKEN
28.05.11 ESAU
28.05.12 KILCOURSE
28.05.12 PEFLEY
28.05.14 HOLMES
28.05.16 CLAUDE
28.05.16 CRAMER
28.05.17 RIDDERHOF
28.05.17 ADAMS
28.05.18 SCHIEBLER
28.05.20 O'DAY
28.05.21 JENKINS
28.05.21 KENYON
28.05.22 CRAMER
28.05.24 CLAUDE
28.05.24 CRAMER
28.05.25 PIPER
28.05.25 PIPER
28.05.25 UNKNOWN
28.05.30 HATFIELD
28.06.01 SCOTT
28.06.04 HOLMES
28.06.04 O'NEIL
28.06.04 SNEDEKER
28.06.06 YOUNG
28.06.15 BROWN
28.06.16 ANDERSON
28.06.19 BERRY
28.06.20 HUMPHREY
28.06.20 ROCKEY
28.06.24 CRAMER

28.05.22.   Cramer, Patrol Report, Corinto Finca—La Virgen

P C - D O C S :      P A T R O L   &   C O M B A T    R E P O R T S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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CORINTO RANCH, NICARAGUA.
22 May, 1928.

From: 2nd Lieut M.A. Cramer, U.S.M.C.
To : The District Commander, Matagalpa, Nicaragua.
Via : Commanding Officer, 45th Company.
Subject: Patrol Report, Corinto - La Virgen.

     1.   At 1800 19 May, 1928 I left CORINTO with a foot patrol of myself and 16 enlisted men 3 pack animals and 4 days rations under orders which a copy is attached. At 1900 we met a guide who offered to show us across a shortcut to the bull cart road. Dropped guide at 1930. At 2100 met Miguel Pere [Miguel Perez] who offered to guide us to ESPERANZO [Esperanza] in the dark. Arrived and camped at ESPERANZO at 2300. 0615 20 May, 1928 left ESPERANZO bound north. 0740 crossed TUMA river. 0930 saw planes pass at some distance. 1030 planes found us on trail and dropped map and message addressed to Lieut Claudes patrol Signaled no to planes in effort to indicate their mistake. Then they dropped message asking if we were Lieut Claudes patrol. Signaled no to planes in effort to indicate their mistake. They then dropped message asking if we were Lieut Claudes patrol and they answered No again. Planes scouted around a bit and then shoved off. 1100 met a mozo who had been shot as he claimed by Sandino but his story indicated that he had been shot by marines in the recent engagement with Capt Hunters patrol. Gangrene had set in the wound. Gave him a note to marine doctor in JINOTEGA and recommended his detention as a prisoner in the note. 1345 arrived house of Antonio Blandon who is the Jefe Politico of LA VIRGEN. He corroborated rumors of bandits in the district and declined to act as guide into the part of the community supposed to be occupied by the bandits. His brother who was leaving the country for JINOTEGA due to the bandits menace led us to the house of GUTIERREZ where we arrived 1445. Two people took of [off] to the brush as we arrived, one woman and three children were in the house when we got there, on searching the place about 5 pounds of black powder, some home made fuses, many rifle slugs, 6 antiquated guns, 2 daggers and a Sandista [Sandinista] kerchief were found. There were many signs of recent occupation by a large number of people such as about 20 drinking bowls in 2 stacks. Also found a National Colors of NICARAGUA which had evidently been captured by Sandinistas during the revolution. In regards to this NICARAGUAN flag as it was discovered well hidden and had appearances of being an issue flag we endeavor[ed] to inquire about it but were given no answer at all, so the flag was taken up and is being forwarded with this report for return to the proper authorities. As pack mules were badly played out we destroyed the guns and burned the powder and fuses. The daggers were useless so we destroyed them and 2 machetes. 1550 left GUTIERREZ place for CORINTO, 1810 arrived at BLANDONS where we spent the night. 0730 21 May 1928, left BLANDONS. 1145 arrived at ESPERANZO. 1900 arrived at CORINTO FINCA.

     2.   Weather: Varied, some rain both on 20th and 21st.

     3.   Attitude of inhabitants: Generally friendly and hospitable some of them seemed frightened at first but none of them antagonistic. Everyone was working or going to or coming from work until the immediate vicinity of LA VIRGEN was reached. This community is very [ p. 2 ] sparely settled and so rugged and heavily vegitated that very little could be observed off the trail.

     4.   Condition of Trails: Dry and slightly mountainous to ESPERANZO which is the limit of bull cart travel. From ESPERANZO on the trail gets rougher and more hilly to the TUMA river. The TUMA ford is very wide and has a rough rocky bottom (it could be crossed by animals in fairly high water.) On crossing the TUMA the trails continued to grow more and more mountainous until in the community of LA VIRGEN they are very poorly kept and are very steep and rough.

     5.   Camp Sites: ESPERANZO is a coffee ranch with a two story living house and other quarters where 50 men could be housed under cover. There is also ample pasturage and a fair water supply. Jefe Antonia BLANDONS is only a small place and a 16 man patrol fills it completely. Has poor pasturage but plenty of good water from a mountain stream. Some native food obtained at both places.

     6.   BANDITS. All information indicates that bandits had been in LA VIRGEN very recently and in large numbers. But actual contact or positive information as to direction of their departure were unobtainable. One native informed me that one group of 90 bandits left LA VIRGEN, moving west, on Sunday May 20.

     7.   Distance Traveled: From CORINTO FINCA to LA VIRGEN estimated at 22 to 25 miles.

/s/ M. A. CRAMER,
2nd Lieut U.S.M.C.

127/212/1

Summary & Notes:

   17 Marines east to Jinotega wilds around La Virgen, following written orders (not found).
   La Virgen must have been a viable indigenous community, the so-called "jefe politico" really the capitán de cañana; called a "community" three times by Lt. Cramer; also comportment of natives as described in 3 suggests indigenous community.
   Finding guides a problem; first unnamed native, then Miguel P
érez agree to serve as guides.
   Airplanes:  cumbersome, almost comical interaction; still working out the bugs on air-ground integration (to say the least); for Lt. Claude's report, see below.
   Wounded mozo found on trail with gangrenous leg; claimed he was wounded by Sandino; Lt. Cramer doesn't believe it; sends him to Jinotega with note recommending his detention.
   On Capt. Hunter's combat of 13 May — see
PC 28.05.25 Piper.
   House of (Benavides) Gutiérrez in La Virgen:  lots of incriminating EDSN evidence, including EDSN kerchief; additional info on him in next report (
PC 28.05.24a Claude).
   Nicaraguan national flag, official issue, also found in Gutiérrez house; "evidently captured by Sandinistas during the revolution" — entirely possible; Lt. Cramer knows enough to insist that it be treated with respect; confiscates it to send to "proper authorities."
   Strong evidence of recent EDSN concentration in La Virgen, but nobody's talking.
   "Jefe Antonia [Antonio] Blandon" — ?  Another indigenous community leader?  Obviously not an EDSN jefe. Owns a small place.
   "Esperanza" a coffee ranch with 2-story house & room for 50 men.

   No useful information on EDSN uncovered.

P C - D O C S :      P A T R O L   &   C O M B A T    R E P O R T S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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