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PC28.06.04   o'Neil

INVENTORY OF PC-DOCS, JANUARY—JUNE 1928

28.01.04 BROWN
28.01.04 BROWN
28.01.04 HUNT
28.01.05 KILCOURSE
28.01.08 SATTERFIELD
28.01.08 WADBROOK
28.01.21 SHAW
28.01.22 PEARD
28.01.31 KENYON
28.02.03 PEARD
28.02.04 MCDONALD
28.02.06 YOUNG
28.02.12 WATERMAN
28.02.18 GEYER
28.02.19 CLARK
28.02.19 GRAY
28.02.21 ORR
28.02.22 SHIEBLER
28.02.23 WELLS
28.02.24 SHIEBLER
28.02.24 ROCKEY
28.02.25 BROWN
28.02.26 CLARK
28.02.26 HOLMES
28.02.26 RIDDERHOF
28.02.27 GEYER
28.02.28 HUNTER
28.02.29 CLAUDE
28.02.29 CRONMILLER
28.03.01 O'DAY
28.03.05 MCNULTY
28.03.05 ROCKEY
28.03.11 AIKEN
28.03.15 CHAPPELL
28.03.16 ARTHUR
28.03.18 RIDDERHOF
28.03.22 ROCKEY
28.03.28 HUNTER
28.03.28 GEYER
28.04.05 ATKINSON
28.04.05 HART
28.04.05 ROBERTS
28.04.05 ROCKEY
28.04.08 HOLMES
28.04.09 PUTNAM
28.04.11 PUTNAM
28.04.11 SNEAD
28.04.15 HATFIELD
28.04.16 STOCKS
28.04.17 AIKEN
28.04.18 GALT
28.04.19 ESAU
28.04.19 MARSHALL
28.04.19 SNEAD
28.04.23 GALT
28.04.23 WILLIS
28.04.23 MCQUEEN
28.04.26 PEFLEY
28.04.28 MCQUEEN
28.04.30 ARNETT
28.05.06 HART
28.05.07 MERRITT
28.05.08 AIKEN
28.05.08 CLARK
28.05.09 KILCOURSE
28.05.11 AIKEN
28.05.11 ESAU
28.05.12 KILCOURSE
28.05.12 PEFLEY
28.05.14 HOLMES
28.05.16 CLAUDE
28.05.16 CRAMER
28.05.17 RIDDERHOF
28.05.17 ADAMS
28.05.18 SCHIEBLER
28.05.20 O'DAY
28.05.21 JENKINS
28.05.21 KENYON
28.05.22 CRAMER
28.05.24 CLAUDE
28.05.24 CRAMER
28.05.25 PIPER
28.05.25 PIPER
28.05.25 UNKNOWN
28.05.30 HATFIELD
28.06.01 SCOTT
28.06.04 HOLMES
28.06.04 O'NEIL
28.06.04 SNEDEKER
28.06.06 YOUNG
28.06.15 BROWN
28.06.16 ANDERSON
28.06.19 BERRY
28.06.20 HUMPHREY
28.06.20 ROCKEY
28.06.24 CRAMER

28.06.04.   O'Neil, Patrol Report near Estelí

P C - D O C S :      P A T R O L   &   C O M B A T    R E P O R T S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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SIXTY-SIXTH COMPANY, FIFTH REGIMENT

SECOND BRIGADE. MARINE CORPS
ESTELI NICARAGUA
4 JUNE 1928

REPORT OF PATROL COMMANDED BY LIEUTENANT ARCHIE E. O'NEIL, USMC.

     Left Esteli Saturday, 26 May, 1928, at 5:30 P.M., with a mounted patrol of eight men, a corporal and two guides. We took the trail to Espinal, the frequented area of the Alejandro Cruz and Marcelino Hernandez group. Arrived about 11 P.M.
     Leaving the mounts with a guard of two men, we visited houses where bandits were supposed to be and where they gathered when in the valley. We had gathered information en route that some of the group were in the vicinity. We took as guide for the local area, Julian Moreno, who, we had been informed, was one of the group. Our own guide assured us that it was Julian's brother, Pancho Moreno, who was with Hernandez; so we used him only to take us to suspected abodes of bandits and then turned him loose. We went to several known houses but found nothing.
     One home was that of Hernandez- the place in which he lived when he came into the valley. His family and effects were in this house. The next morning we revisited this place and vicinity, obtained the information that three bandits, Alejandro Cruz, Victor Cruz and Marcelino Hernandez had been sleeping in Hernandez's house the preceding night but had been forewarned of the Marines entering the valley. I set the house on fire, feeling justified in so doing because it was the immediate habitation of Marcelino Hernandez.
     In Espinal we visited the house of Julio Royo. He is alleged to be supplying the conservative group under Alejandro Cruz and Marcelino Hernandez with provisions and arms. We took him with us to Trinidad, later permitting him to report to Esteli alone.
     We proceeded to the vicinity of Trinidad, intending to lay an ambush along the main road generally used by bandit groups. We learned that Marines from San Rafael were in Trinidad so we went into camp for the night on the outskirts.
     Monday 28th May, we passed through Trinidad and took the road toward San Nicolas, four leagues to the northwest. About one league from there we learned that a bandit group had been operating on the mountain flats, about one league and a half away. I took a detail of seven men and proceeded on foot. We found where they had camped but learned that they had gone toward Santa Cruz. We went on into San Nicolas and found all quiet in that area. We searched several houses of families supposed to have arms. Arrived back in camp at 3 A.M., 29 May.
     On 29 May, we broke camp and went into Trinidad, where we remained for the night.

[p. 2]

     May 30, we patrolled through San Lorenzo valley, Licoroy, as far as El Hogado, near San Lorenzo we set fire to the property of Eduardo Joyo, one of Santa Maria Sevilla's group. I did so on the strength of information that I had with me concerning various members of the group and also on that of the three native guides which I had with me at the time. The house was uninhabited and in all probability used as a bandit hangout. The territory where it was located was that in which Santa Maria operated, close to Licoroy.
     Thursday, 31 May, learning that Santa Maria Sevilla and his group had surrendered their arms, we broke camp and proceeded back to Esteli by way of Trinidad and Santa Cruz.
     Arrived in Esteli at 7:30 P.M.

-------------ARCHIE E. O'NEIL---------

RG127/43A/20

Summary & Notes:

   O'Neil's patrol was investigating the Conservative political gang violence rocking the area around La Trinidad and Estelí since the formal end of the Civil War a little over a year before.  Some of the main characters in this drama include the Conservative Chief of Police of La Trinidad Carmen Vílchez; Conservative gang leaders Marcelino Hernández and Alejandro Cruz; and Liberal gang leader Santa María Sevilla, who surrendered to the Marines at the end of May.  This report is but one of many on the brewing political conflicts in this zone. 
   The Marines' burning of Marcelino Hernández's house is noteworthy, and emblematic of their approach to counterinsurgency.
   Thanks to Lebanon Valley College student Nathaniel Clugston for transcribing this report.

P C - D O C S :      P A T R O L   &   C O M B A T    R E P O R T S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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