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AIR WAR ATL-COCO EDSN GROUND LIB-CONS MAPS SEGOVIAS URBAN USMC-GN 1933 +

     These MCRC photographs are from the Special Collections Library, Alfred M. Gray Marine Corps Research Center, Quantico, VA.   Pages 1-5 offer digitized photos of the 68 relevant photos in the collection of Captain George F. Stockes, one of the shrewdest and most capable of the Marine Corps officers to operate in Las Segovias.  Capt Stockes, a veteran of the Great War in France, was stationed in Somoto from around August 1927 to April 1929.  On Stockes & his comrades' efforts to hunt down Sandinista General Carlos Salgado & other rebel chieftains in the Honduran borderlands in March-April 1929, see the TOP 100, PAGE 33; on his savvy biography of EDSN Gen. Josι Leσn Dνaz, see TOP 100, PAGE 44.  In the archival boxes the Stockes photographs appear in random sequence.  Most have no identifying captions; a few have writing on the back.  When they do the writing is also shown.  In March 2017, lower-resolution (72 dpi) photos of the Stockes photos were replaced with high-resolution (600 dpi) scans.

     Pages 6-12 houses photos from the collection of Private First Class Carl P. Eldred.  Notable photos in the Eldred collection are some excellent shots of the ranch house at the coffee farm Darailν, owned by longtime Nicaraguan liberal Moisιs Gonzαlez; an exceptional photo of a barefoot boy dressed in rags in a town street; photos of the electric plant outside Matagalpa, and of British citizen and coffee planter Charles "Carlos" Potter, owner of La Fundadora coffee farm; and photos of natives and native houses on the "edge" of La Fundadora.

     Additional collections are forthcoming; it's a big library. 

Page 1    Captain George F. Stockes Collection, Part 1

Marine patrol crossing stream near Somoto • Patrol on hillside near Somoto, 28 Sept. 1928 • Patrol near La Palanca, Nicaragua, 28 Sept. 1928 • Patrol near La Palanca, 28 Sept. 1928 • Stockes, Shaw, and a third officer, La Palanca, Nicaragua, 28 Aug. 1927 • Patrol marching up hillside, Western Segovias • Marine Corps biplane •  Three Marines posing by a tree •  Campesino in field with burro • Marines on patrol • Capt. Stockes with gathering of Marines and natives • Marines conferring near their barracks • Native man dressed in white • Burro • "The land God forgot," Mylote, Nicaragua, near Honduran border, Sept. 1928   (15 photos)

Page 2    Captain George F. Stockes Collection, Part 2

Four Marines seated outdoors • Two Marines and one native seated outdoors • Election day, San Lucas near Somoto, 4 Nov. 1928 • Grave markers of two Marines, Somoto, 1928 • Marines butchering a calf in the field • Segovian mountains with fog • Segovian mountains shrouded in fog • Segovian mountains in fog • Fog lifting over Segovian mountains • Segovian mountains • Segovian mountains • Segovian mountains with patrol in foreground • Segovian village • Volunteer forces between Santa Marνa and Yucatαl, Nicaragua • Volunteer forces between Santa Marνa and Yucatαl   (15 photos)

Page 3    Captain George F. Stockes Collection, Part 3

Patrol on the march • Patrol fording shallow river • Patrol marching through low brush • Patrol fording stream • Pedro the dog, San Juan de Limay, May 1928 • Lt. Salzman with George the Mule, 50th Co., San Lucas • Guardia Soldier with wife and child • Guardia barracks, Somoto • Mounted patrol heading out of Somoto • Foot patrol across the plains • Marines at rest outside building • Patrol through pine forest • Patrol stopped on hillside • Foot patrol along trail in flatlands • Foot patrol through mountains   (15 photos)

Page 4    Captain George F. Stockes Collection, Part 4

Foot patrol down stream • Foot patrol approaching settlement • Marines resting on log along trail • Two armed mounted men in open forest • Segovian Village • Three Marines in camp • Betty the deer, mascot of 50th Co., Somoto, August 1928 • Gathering of citizens, Somoto • Marine barracks, Somoto, October 1928 • Somoto, with Somoto Mountain in the Distance, August 1928 • Mounted Patrol with Lts. McHenry and Shaw, August 1928 • Nine Marine Officers, Somoto, July 1928 • Four Marine Officers, Four Nicaraguans, Somoto, August 1928 • Voluntarios Gen. Caldera, Col. Cordero, Capt. Espinosa, Somoto, late 1928 • Voluntarios Gen. Caldera, Col. Cordero, Capt. Espinosa, Somoto, late 1928 • Marines and Voluntarios near Somoto   (15 photos)

Page 5    Captain George F. Stockes Collection Part 5

Patrol to Paredes • Marines clambering up hillside • Colorized photo of Stockes and another Marine officer • Troops in town square, Somoto • Formal photographs of Captain George F. Stockes   (8 photos)

Page 6    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Part 1

Marines in formation • Marine band in formation • Lt. Hudnall USMC seated in the field • Marine reposing with rifle • Marine posing in front of tent with Browning Automatic Rifle • Marine posing in front of tent with Krag rifle • Marine squad posing with firearms • Marine posing in front of tent • Marine in front of open door of building • Marine posing with Browning Automatic Rifle  (10 photos)

Page 7    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Part 2

Marine posing in front of tent • Marine posing with Browning Automatic Rifle in front of tent • Marines in front of what looks like a barracks • Marine seated on curved outdoor stairway petting small dog, caption "Pvt Foley & the cat" • Small deear among Marine Corps tents • Marines with firearms, probably in Campo de Marte • Two Marines posing in front of barracks • Marine posing in front of tents - Two photos of two Marines with woman, caption of one reads "Gunner Lorring, Mrs. Lorring, Pay Clerk Miller"  (10 photos)

Page 8    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Part 3

Marines at target practice • Three-story building with lots of chimneys • Tall stone building with wooden walkway with woman in white dress • Marine Corps band leading formal procession along paved city street • Marine Corps band leading formal procession, street-level view • Marine Corps band leading formal procession further away from downtown area • National Bank of Nicaragua • Barefoot man pausing with ox-cart with clock tower and bell tower in background • Panoramic view of what looks to be a town in Las Segovias • Clock tower and bell tower with Christian cross in between  (10 photos)

Page 9    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Part 4

Barefoot boy dressed in rags on unpaved street • Church at Condega used as barracks for 57th Co. • Guardia Headquarters in Nicaragua • Officers' quarters, Campo de Marte, Managua • Urban street scene with pedestrians and automobile • The Capitol of Nicaragua • Three small children by the roadside outside of Condega • Condega air field • "Some of the better class of natives" at edge of air field outside of Condega • Captain's tent at Condega, 57th Co. USMC  (10 photos)

Page 10    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Part 5

Ranch house at the coffee farm Darailν showing whole house and Marine Corps kitchen with stovepipe "poking thru the roof" • Darailν "with old glory in foreground" • Close up of machine gun emplacement at Darailν • Shower bath at Darailν • Rear of Marine Corps barracks and coffee drying trays at Darailν • Rear of Marine Corps barracks at Darailν, with a view down the valley • Ranch house and Marine Corps barracks at Darailν, with trail to Condega in foreground • Native man and woman posing in front of wooden building at "edge of village of native workers" at the coffee farm La Fundadora • Rural setting, with wood pile in foreground and building in background • Another rural setting with open-air slatted wood building with corrugated metal roof adjoining a taller building with wooden shake roof  (10 photos)

Page 11    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Part 6

Ranch or homestead in rural valley with buildings in partially cleared forest • Boys in rowboat and swimming in lake • Electric power plant outside Matagalpa • Water tank for electric plant outside Matagalpa • Native Nicaraguans employed at electric power house outside Matagalpa • Bridge over Matagalpa River at entrance to city of Matagalpa • Natives sawing lumber • Charles Potter with housekeeper Mrs. Naylor and pet dog • Automobiles and civilians with Marines along rutted dirt road • Pack mules on trail from Condega to Darailν   (10 photos)

Page 12    Carl P. Eldred Photos, Page 7

"Patrol and pack train moving out from Darailν" • "The old boy himself [General Feland?] on Dreadnought" the horse • "A picture showing thick under-brush and woods" • "Some of the boys on the trail notice the rifle butt on the nearest one and another tightening his clinch" • "Marines on hike crossing Matagalpa River" • "Myself mounted on Dreadnought" the horse  (6 photos)

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