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Photo USNA1-2.1.   Sandino and staff along the Río Coco.   

Undated photo, probably late 1927 or early 1928, with Sandino front and center, along what looks like the banks of the Río Coco.  Again, the men seem most interested in displaying their rifles.  Perhaps this was during the Civil War, after Sandino's successful journey to Puerto Cabezas on the East Coast to secure arms (Nov-Dec 1926).

Photo USNA1-2.2.   Sandino and staff in jungle camp.   


This is a wonderful photo, probably 1927-28.  The black line obviously points to Sandino.  Who is the small compact mustached man to his right?  (Sandino himself was physically small; the man next to him must have stood five feet tall or less.)  All the men's scarves would have been of red & black.


On the left side of the big photo appears what looks like a man of African phenotype with a distinctive top hat.  Perceptive reader Victor Sánchez suggests it might be "Saint Gilbert Pierre Charles, the 'bandit' from Haiti mentioned in the report about the arrest of Manuel María Jirón Ruano" (see Top 100, p. 27).  On the right side, one of Sandino's men holds a Thompson sub-machine gun.

Photo USNA1-2.3.   Sandinistas along the banks of the Río Coco, ca. 1928.

Undated, ca. 1928.  Who's the woman with the riding boots and holstered pistol?  Blanca Aráuz?  Teresa Villatoro?  The shed, the roadway, and the logs positioned along the riverbank make this look like a lumber camp of some kind, perhaps on the Río Poteca or Coco.

Photo USNA1-2.4.   Sandino and the Sandinista Army, ca. 1928.

This is a marvelous photograph; wish there were a better copy.  Note the Thompson sub-machine guns in the foreground; the skull-and-crossbones flag; and Sandino in the rear, just to the right of the flagpole.  Who is the man lying in the front?  He has a beard and looks light-skinned.  Why is he lying down?  It's a very uncharacteristic pose for a formal photograph gathering like this.  A prisoner?

Photo USNA1-2.5.   Sandino and his entourage in Mexico. 

This photo has been published in plenty of places.  The black lines (l. to r.) point to:  Gregorio Urbano Gilbert, José de Paredes, Sandino, unknown woman (notation on photo says "Arauz?"), and Faribundo Martí.

Photo USNA1-2.6.   Sandino on the Outskirts of San Salvador en route to Mexico, June 1929.

Among the most famous of Sandino photos.  From left to right:  Rubén Ardilla Gómez (Venezuelan); José de Paredes (Mexican); Gen. Sandino; Agustin Faribundo Martí (Salvadoran); and Gregorio Urbano Gilbert (Dominican).

Photo USNA1-2.7.    Pedro José Zepeda in Mexico.

Writing on back: "Center figure is Zepeda." The Nicaragua-born Pedro José Zepeda was a leading Sandinista activist in Mexico City from mid-1929.  The figure on the left is probably the journalist and activist Norberto Salinas de Aguilar, and on the right, the philosopher, writer, and former Minister of Public Education in Mexico, José Vasconcelos.

Photo USNA1-2.8.   US Marine Corps aviator 2nd Lt. Earl A. Thomas hanging from a tree, Oct. 1927.

On October 8, 1927, two Marine aviators were shot down near Zapotillal Ridge north of Quilalí in the eastern Segovias.  The Sandinistas captured the airmen, tried, and executed them, then took this photo and sent it to the Marines in Ocotal.  The photograph infuriated the Marines while absolving them from treating the rebels as belligerents under the 1907 Hague Convention.  For more on these contexts, see PC 27.10.12 (O'Shea Engagement with the Enemy at Sapotillal).  The second photo shows the photograph pinned to a bulletin board, probably at the garrison in Ocotal.

Photo USNA1-2.9.   Captured US flag in Mexico City.   

This might be the flag captured by the Sandinistas in the battle of Las Cruces on 1 November (see PC 27.11.02b Gould).  On the same day, Sandino sent a message to General Manuel Echevarría describing the captured flag in exacting detail (see EDSN 27.11.01c).  More likely, this is the flag referenced by Manuel María Girón Ruano in his statement to Capt. H. H. Hanneken before his execution (see Top 100, p. 27).  As Girón related, the Venezuelan communist and Sandinista activist Guatavo Machado "visited the bandit camp at Garrobo last May [1928] where he secured the American flag stolen from the [Lone] Star Mine. The flag was then photographed, which appeared later in his paper with a story of its having been captured from the Marines."  This photo was probably taken inside the headquarters of the Hands-Off Nicaragua Committee or the Anti-Imperialist League in Mexico City; note the announcement for a "gran meeting" with Gustavo Machado.

Photo Cluster USNA1-2.10.   EDSN Jerónimo Rivas and Manuel Antonio Lacayo, La Ceiba, Honduras, 1929.

Caption of first photo reads: "Members of Sandino's General Staff who accompanied him to Mexico, taken in Bonilla Park, La Ceiba, Honduras, beneath Statue of Manuel Bonilla."  Individuals identified as (1) Jeronimo Rivas General "33" and (2) Manuel Antonio Lacayo.  One can also see the silhouettes of four men behind them.  The second photo has no caption but it's clearly the same two white-shirted men and same four other men accompanying them.

Photo USNA1-2.11.   Sandinista jefes Juan Altamirano and Carmen Torres, Yucatán, Mexico, Feb. 1930.

Identifying names are written over a romantic note ("un recuerdo") penned by Carmen Torres to María Blanca Torres.  Carmen Torres, as the notation indicates, was imprisoned in Jinotega for homicide on 13 February 1932.


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