District of Somoto,
17 May 1932.
The Area Commander, Northern Area.
Subject: Intelligence information
obtained from Ambrosia
Lopez Alfaro, woman of Segundo Alfaro.
1. Ambrosia Lopez Alfaro, woman of
Segundo Alfaro minor bandit jefe
operating generally in the area north of
Somoto, was arrested on May 15th and
confined at this station. Ambrosia has
lived with Alfaro in various camps
occupied by his group, but following the
Guardia concentration against Alfaro and
Umanzor, and the destruction of their
camp in September 1931 near San Diego
(167-363), she fled to Honduras.
Recently she returned to Somoto and was
employed by one Felix Corrales, who has
long been suspected of having bandit
connections. During the past week
Ambrosia is known to have met Alfaro on
the property of Sebastin Corrales,
brother of Felix Corrales, located north
of Somoto and to have spent the day in
the camp of Alfaro and Umanzor, located
at that time near 166-359, and during
the visit to have had several arguments
with Alfaro due to the fact that he has
recently been living with one Emelia
Diaz of San Juan (174-360). During
several hours questioning, during which
time she was apparently very much
alarmed to learn that the Guardia was
aware of her visit to the bandit camp
last week, the fact that she had send
food out to the camp on two occasions,
and was having difficulties with Alfaro,
she furnished the following information:
(a) This information pertains to the
period August-September 1931 when Alfaro
and Umanzor were camped near San Diego
(167-363). A drive was made against this
camp by several patrols resulting in two
contacts by Lt. Hancocks patrol and one
contact by Lt. Trospers patrol on
September 25th with total known
casualties at that time of three killed.
(1) States that the group was camped at
San Diego for about one month, and that
she was in the camp with Alfaro the
(2) States that in the three contacts
mentioned above the following named
bandits were killed:
Eugenio Baldonada. Francisco Pastrana.
Juan Gomez. Pedro Pastrana.
Jose Maria Ruiz. Juan Pastrana.
(3) States that shortly after the
arrival of the group at San Diego, that
Luis Jiminez, manador of hacienda San
Luis (164-361), property of Pastor Lovo
of Ocotal, personally visited the camp
and informed Umanzor that he had
received instructions from Don Pastor to
advise Umanzor that the supplies at San
Luis, cheese, mantiquilla, salt and
cattle were at his (Umanzors) orders.
(4) That the group obtained a cow about
every other day from San Luis sending
Juan and Francisco Olivas of Telpaneca
to the hacienda to obtain same from
(5) That Pedro Jiminez of Mesa Alcajan
(located north west of San Luis), was
sent to Ocotal by Umanzor with notes to
Pastor Lovo, Ramon Lovo, Manuel
Montilla, Manuel Ignacio Montilla and
(6) That on about six different
occasions ammunition was brought out by
Pedro Jiminez [Jiménez] from Ocotal,
from forty to sixty rounds of revolver
and rifle ammunition each trip. That
sometimes the ammunition was brought out
hidden in sacks of food and other times
carried by Jiminez in a belt which he
wore under his shirt. Segundo told her
the ammunition was furnished by the
Lovos, that they obtained the revolver
ammunition from Honduras and the rifle
ammunition was bought from an enlisted
Guardia in Ocotal.
(7) That among other things the
following supplies were sent out from
Ocotal: bread, tortillas, about twelve
arrobas of rice, about thirty suits of
clothing, twenty dollars in money from
Pastor Lovo, and a sum of money amount
unknown to her from the Montillas.
(8) States that a note was sent to the
Lovos to the effect that if the supplies
and ammunition were not furnished the
group would burn the hacienda San Luis.
(9) That one Santos Zuniga was sent by
Umanzor with messages to Chinandega and
to Sandino, and on his return trip from
Sandino brought back a supply of
dynamite. (Zuniga is now believed to be
in Honduras recuperating from an attack
(10) That Antonio Vilchez, Nicho Lopez,
Federico Lopez and Ignacio Davila acted
as agents between Umanzor and
sympathizers in Somoto.
(11) That Nicho Lopez brought a quantity
of revolver ammunition to the camp from
Somoto – claims she does not know the
name of the person supplying the
(12) That Sebastin Corrales (prominent
local citizen, owner of considerable
property north of Somoto, and long under
suspicion of aiding the bandits) visited
the camp and talked with Alfaro and
Umanzor. (Note: According to information
obtained from the caretaker of Corrales
property, Corrales last week visited the
camp of Umanzor and Alfaro located at
(13) That various sympathizers in Somoto
and San Juan (174-360) furnished the
group with food. One Nicolas Diaz of San
Juan acted as messenger between that
place and the camp.
(14) That among others, the following
citizens of Somoto sent supplies to the
Arturo Garmendia (prominent local
merchant) About 5 suits clothing.
Joacquin Rios (brother in law of Senator
Lopez Irias – owner of property north of
Somoto) About 2 suits clothing.
Antolin Talavera (brother of District
Judge of Ocotal – owner of property
north of Somoto) About 2 suits clothing.
Dr. Huerte (prominent local merchant –
owner of property north of Somoto) About
4 suits clothing. About 1 blanket.
Teodoro Fuentes (shoemaker – an old
friend of Alfaro and Jose Leon Diaz)
About 3 pairs shoes.
Francisco Jiminez (cantina owner) About
1 pair shoes.
(b) The following miscellaneous
information does not apply to the period
noted under “a”:
(1) States that the group which killed
Tomas Armijo, ex-Alcalde of Somoto, on
March 13, 1931, near Melonar (156-356)
was composed of the following men:
That Segundo Alfaro and one Manuel
Rivera, members of the same group
planned to participate in the killing
but were very drunk at the time and
unable to walk. That Armijo while he was
Alcalde had been hiding the group on his
property and regularly contributing
money, that the group had a disagreement
with Armijo and decided to kill him
before he informed the Guardia of their
(2) That Alfaro has been in the
Department of Chinandega for the past
two months with Diaz, Parades and
Umanzor, and returned with the latter to
this vicinity about May 1st.
(3) That Jose Leon Diaz has two women
living in Caucali (162-359) – one
Catalina Rodriguez, daughter of
Prudencio Rodriguez of Somoto, and one
Mariana Salinas, daughter of Ismael
Vilchez of Somoto (relatives of Vilchez
family of Ocotal).
(4) That Alfaro told her Francisco
Jiminez of Somoto, who was captured by
Umanzor and Alfaro north of Somoto on
May 1st, had been released on his
promise to send the following the group:
Fifteen dollars in cash, twelve blankets
and several suits of clothing.
(5) That Alfaro told her that he,
Umanzor and Parades had orders to remain
in the vicinity of Somoto awaiting the
arrival of Salgado, Colindres and
another jefe whose name she did not
remember; and that when the groups
joined they intended to attack Totogalpa
and Ocotal the same night.
G A Williams
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TPC-hwb. 1st Endorsement. 23 May, 1932.
HEADQUARTERS, NORTHERN AREA, GUARDIA
NACIONAL, OCOTAL, NICARAGUA.
From: The Area Commander.
To: The Jefe Director.
2. The residents of Ocotal mentioned in
the foregoing report as having aided
bandits have been under suspicion by
this office for some time.
3. During the past two months Don Pastor
Lovo, who is one of the most prominent
citizens of Ocotal, has furnishing this
office with information concerning
bandit activities which in practically
all cases has proved to be reliable. He
furnished information that a large group
of bandits had prepared an ambush at LAS
PUERTAS prior to the date on which
Lieut. Covington’s patrol was ambushed
at that point.
4. It is believed that if he has aided
bandits in the past, it has been done to
protect his property from destruction by
bandit groups. Present indications are
that he has ceased to aid bandits.
/s/ THOS. P. CHEATHAM.
Transcribed by Pleet Initiative-funded
Lebanon Valley College
student-researcher Nicholas J. Quadrini.