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THE ATLANTIC coast thru 1927, p. 6
dec 1-31, 1927

A T L A N T I C    C O A S T    D O C S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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   THIS IS THE SIXTH PAGE OF DOCUMENTS ON THE PERIOD THROUGH 1927 on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast region, housing materials dated during the month of December. 

      The page opens with a full-page open letter broadside (in English & Spanish) from S. H. Baker, manager of the Cuyamel Fruit Company, asking planters to make sure the bananas they load are are not spoiled or bruised, and more broadly, that they work to help "bind up the nation's wounds, and to bring back prosperity to both, the Company and the planters" (1 Dec). The following letter of 7 December from the lawyer of Paul Kling provides insight not only into the byzantine world of local juridical proceedings and tax disputes, but to material relations of production & exchange in the interior. "Kling is the owner of the Topaz mines," writes Kling's lawyer Samuel Weil, "situated in the district of Rama, about ninety miles from [Bluefields]."  As it turns out, "these mines have been abandoned about thirteen years, all its tunnels are caved in, and the machinery ruined."  These and other echoes of the civil war continue in Capt. Kendall's intelligence reports, for instance his 7 December report on former Liberal commander Laurino Aragon retaining his arms in defiance of the Espino Negro Accord.  "It is believed that arms are concealed in several places on this coast by former liberal officers acting under orders from Carlos Pasos and Onofrio Sandoval," reports Kendall.  Meanwhile local police work continues apace, as in Kendall's 22 December report of the capture of "the remaining member of the Pearl Lagoon assassins" who had killed US citizen John Bolten the previous May. 

     Again, at this point Sandino and his rebellion are simply not part of the Atlantic Coast political or social landscape.


PERIOD MAPS

1894 mosquito shore

27 MB, library of congress

1920s Standard Fruit

6.5 mb, US National archives

1928 Rio wanks Patrol

3 mb, us national archives

1931 Moravian

2.4 mb, coMENius press

1 December 1927.

Open Letter (in English), S. H. Baker, Cuyamel Fruit Co., Bluefields, "To the Planters," p. 1.   " TO THE PLANTERS : ¶  Now that we are close to the end of the year, it seems well to me that we consider the year that we are about ending, as well as the one we shall soon begin.  ¶  Last year was one of great difficult to the Company and the planters due to the revolution, and the bad drought.  ¶  When I returned at the beginning of this year to take charge of this Division again, I found the farms both of the company and the planters in bad condition, the fruit poor and mostly small, the company’s tugs in service insufficient to give prompt service, and a general feeling of discouragement and indifference on the part of planters and company men.  ¶  Bluefields fruit had a bad name in the United States, and was hard to sell at a poor price and impossible to sell at a good price.  Many of the planters have thought I was harsh in receiving their fruit but it was absolutely necessary, for the good of the company as well as themselves, to send up something our New Orleans office could sell.  ¶  During the year we have had favorable weather, the company put on more tugs in the Escondido and Rio Grande rivers, and more men on the loading gang, and the planters have taken more care in cutting and delivering their fruit.  The result has been that Bluefields fruit has been getting back its good name, which is beneficial to the company, and in their turn the planters have been getting orders without limits, and during part of the bad season have received orders even for six hand bunches, which, as you know, is rare.  ¶  I ask for the coming year that the planters take all the care possible to cut the fruit of proper grade, and free of bruises, and only on the cutting days, so the company will not be obliged to reject it, as this is a loss to the planter and also to the company, since we can pick up 15,000 stems almost as cheaply as 10,000, hence I would like to see cargoes picked up without a single reject.  I ask that the planters remember that no company can for long pay good prices for bad fruit.  ¶  One other improvement I want very much is to get sufficient fruit to have a small steamer load only Escondido fruit.  As long as the same steamer must take fruit both, in Escondido and Rio Grande, the company cannot give more time for cutting than they do now, but I know, it would help the planters if we could load a steamer at Rama, giving two full days as we once did.  It would also help the company by reducing the cost of picking up.  ¶  The Company is doing its share toward this by planting its old vega pastures and I ask the planters to do their share by cleaning up their farms, by trying on a small piece of land the new way of forking and, if possible, by putting out a little new fruit, and in this way help themselves and the company.  ¶  With malice towards none, and good feeling towards all, let us strive to bind up the nation’s wounds, and to bring back property to both the Company and the planters.  ¶  Yours truly,  ¶  S.H. BAKER,  ¶  Manager."

1 December 1927.

Open Letter (in Spanish), S. H. Baker, Cuyamel Fruit Co., Bluefields, "To the Planters," p. 2.   "A LOS PLANTADORES:-  ¶  Ya que estamos cerca al fin del año, me parece debido que consideremos los sucesos del mismo, y que concentremos al mismo tiempo nuestros pensamientos sobre el año nuevo que está para empezarse dentro de poco.  ¶  El año próximo pasado era uno de grandes dificultades así para la Compañía como los plantadores, debido a la revolución y la sequedad intensiva.  ¶  Al regresarme á Bluefields á principios del año corriente para encargarme de nuevo de esta División, encontré las plantaciones de la Compañía, lo mismo que los Plantadores, en mal estado, la fruta pobre y por la mayor parte pequeña, los remolcadores de la Compañía insuficientes para servicios prontos, en general un desánimo é indiferencia entre los operarios tanto de los Plantadores que de la Compañía.  ¶  La fruta de Bluefields tenía mala fama en los Estados Unidos, difícil ya era venderla á precios bajos é imposible realizarla á precios ventajosos.  Muchos de los Plantadores creían que yo, al recibir su fruta, era demasiado riguroso, sin embargo, tanto para el bien de la Compañía como de los Plantadores, absolutamente necesario era conseguirme cargamentos, que nuestra oficina de Nueva Orleans pudiera al menos vender.  ¶  Durante el presente año estábamos favorecidos de buenas condiciones de tiempo, la Compañía aumentó sus remolcadores en el Escondido y Río Grande, aumentó también las fuerzas para cargar los vapores, y los Plantadores llegaron á tomar más cuidado en el corte y la entrega de su fruta, lo que resultó en el hecho de que el buen nombre de la fruta de Bluefields quedó restablecido, hecho que era provechoso para la Compañía, y los Plantadores, en su turno, recibieron órdenes sin límites y, hasta durante parte de la época mala, la Compañía podía otorgarles órdenes para racimos de seis manos, cosa que rara vez ha pasado, como bien les consta á Udes.  ¶  Para el año venidero ruego á los Plantadores, que tomen todo cuidado posible para cortar fruta del debido grado, fruta que no tenga golpes y que sea cortada solamente en los días de corte, para evitar que la Compañía deba rechazarla, pues eso siempre significa una pérdida para el Plantador lo mismo que para la Compañía, tomando en cuenta, que con el mismo gasto de recoger 10,000, podemos recibir casi 15,000 racimos, por tanto me gustaría recoger cargamentos sin deber rechazar un solo racimo.  Ruégole al Plantador también, que se recordare siempre, que ninguna Compañía puede por mucho tiempo pagar precios altos por fruta mala.  ¶  Otra mejora que sumamente deseo verificar, es la de obtener suficiente fruta para poner en servicio un vapor pequeño solamente para el Río Escondido.  Mientras que el mismo vapor debe tomar fruta de ambos, el Escondido y el Río Grande, la Compañía no puede proporcionar mas que el tiempo ahora provisto para la cortada, pues bien impuesto estoy del hecho que cargar un vapor en Rama, con dos días enteros para ello, como anteriormente lo hizimos, ero significaría ayuda importante al Plantador de aquella región.  Tal ayuda sería provechosa también para la Compañía, pues, reduciría el costo de la recojida.  ¶  La Compañía ya está haciendo su parte hacia este fin, pues está plantando sus viejos potreros de las vegas, y ruego á los Plantadores que también hagan su parte, limpiando sus plantaciones y, si fuese del todo posible, sembrando alguna nueva fruta, por todo lo cual ayúdarían á ellos mismos y á la Compañía.  ¶  Sin mala voluntad para nadie, y con sentimientos amistosos hacia todos, esforzémosnos a curar las heridas de la nación y á restituir la prosperidad para ambos, la Compañía y los Plantadores.  ¶  Su atto. S. S.  ¶  S. H. Baker, Gerente."

1.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields, p. 1.   "SIR:  ¶  I have the honor to transmit herewith the copy of a protest filed at this consulate by Mr. Samuel Weil, an American merchant of Bluefields, in behalf of Mr. Paul Kling, a citizen of the United States residing in New Orleans, La.  ¶  You will note from the protest that the Court in exacting the payment failed to comply with the law in notifying Mr. Kling; and Mr. Weil as a friend of Mr. Kling, intervened and paid what was exacted in order to prevent the cost from increasing to a greater extent.  ¶  Mr. Weil contends in this protest that the suit was instituted by Dr. Telemaco Lopez, a native Nicaraguan naturalized as an American, practicing law in Bluefields, in whose hands the Nicaraguan Government has placed tax suits.  ¶  Will you please inform me whether Dr. Lopez has been nominated by the Nicaraguan Government to prosecute tax suits in the Bluefields district; and whether, in your . . . "

2.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields, p. 2.   " . . . opinion, a naturalized American citizen can undertake such work for a foreign government without derogating from his rights as an American?  ¶  It is my understanding that the action of the Court in this suit is final and that a remedy cannot be sought in a higher court.  If I am incorrect, however, I will direct Mr. Weil, as you may suggest, to notify Mr. Kling that the Legation cannot intercede until all legal resources have been exhausted.  ¶  I have the honor to be, Sir,  ¶  Your obedient servant,  ¶  A. J. McConnico,  ¶  American Consul."

3.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields, p. 3.   [Transcribed in full below; Images 3 & 4 overlap; what the card obscures here appears just below]

4.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields, p. 4.   [Transcribed in full below.] 

5.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields, p. 5.   [Transcribed in full below.] 

6.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields (transcription), p. 6.   "Dear Sir:  ¶  In the name of PAUL KLING, a native citizen of the United States, residing in New Orleans, State of Louisiana, I protest against the illegal action committed by the Judge of the District Court, Francisco Romero, which is as follows:  ¶  Kling is the owner of the Topaz Mines, situated in the district of Rama, about ninety miles from here.  ¶  These mines have been abandoned about thirteen years, all its tunnels are caved in, and the machinery ruined.  ¶  In its present state it has very little value, and will require an outlay of probably $50,000.00 for new machinery and labor to restore it in a working condition.  ¶  Kling during these thirteen years has paid annually $562.00 mining tax, making a total of $7,306 U.S. Currency.  ¶  Some years ago the Bankers devised a direct tax against property in this country, and although there is a heavy mining tax, mines are assessed at a guess, and capricious valuation.  The Topaz Mines are assessed at $29,800.00, although they have been abandoned and unworked for thirteen years.  The direct tax against Kling is $180.60 annually.  In 1926, through an oversight it was not paid, and a petition was made to the Government Assessor, in Managua, (the Negociado) and his decision was awaited as to reduction of the assessed value of the mine to $10,000.00, on which amount Kling was forcibly willing to pay tax, so as to have no further trouble.  ¶  Latter part of September, the District Judge came to notify me of suit instituted against Kling for his direct tax. . . . "

7.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields (transcription), p. 7.    " . . . I informed him I hold no power of attorney from Kling, was a friend, and that Kling’s residence was in New Orleans, Louisiana.  I consulted an attorney who informed me of the law prescribed, that Kling must be notified personally. Learning this I continue endeavoring to have assessment reduced.  ¶  Much to my surprise Lawyer Octavio Salinas informed me on December 3rd, that he was the Court’s appointee to represent Kling, and he was to appoint or name an appraiser to value the mine which had been executed against by the Court.  That the suit was instituted by direction of lawyer Telemaco Lopez, a native Nicaraguan, naturalized citizen of the United States, residing and practicing his profession here, in whose hands the Government placed the tax suits, but so as not to appear, directs them through Lawyer Torres Baez.  ¶  I called at the District Court 5th inst., told Judge Romero that the suit was illegal, but to put a stop to heavy expense of valuing the abandoned mine, I would take the responsibility and pay the tax and costs, under protest, for account of Kling.  ¶  The tax, fines, and costs sum up $508.68, of this $110.88 is illegal, because Kling was not notified as the law prescribes, when his residence was known.  ¶  The Judge knew where he resides as did also Lawyer Telemaco Lopez know for years that Kling resides in New Orleans, Louisiana, and both know that he must be notified personally. The suit was instituted to obtain costs illegally out of Kling.  ¶  I therefore in the name of Paul Kling protest against this unjust and illegal action of the District Court of Bluefields in forcing payment of illegal and unjust costs, which were paid under protest, with request to be furnished with a copy of old . . . "

8.   7 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields (transcription), p. 8.   " . . . protest.  ¶  (signed) SAM’L WEIL  ¶  For Paul Kling of New Orleans, Louisiana."

1.   7 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 1.   "1. The following intelligence report is submitted by this office under the subheadings as specified in the reference.  ¶  GENERAL STATE OF TERRITORY OCCUPIED  ¶  Calm.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF CIVIL POPULATION TOWARD FORCES.  ¶  In general tolerant.  Conservatives improving due to seizing of some rifles from Liberals.  Liberals conciliatory and apologetic due to finding of rifles in their hands.  Pearl Lagoon and creole population conciliatory due to hopes and desire for forces to apprehend several fugitives involved in assassinations there, thus allowing trial to progress.  ¶  ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.  ¶   Banana business continues excellent.  Mahogany business slightly improved due to purchase of land, equipment and contracts of an inactive company by a company which was operating and letting of a few additional contracts by companies which are operating.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF PRESS  ¶  Tolerant.  ¶  FRICTION BETWEEN TROOPS AND CIVIL POPULATION  ¶  None. . . . "

 

2.   7 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 2.   " . . . ¶  POLICE OPERATIONS.  ¶   No change in police operations.  It is rumored in Bluefields and Puerto Cabezas that Louis Castro, the present agent of police in Puerto Cabezas is to be relieved by a conservative from Bluefields named Jacquin.  It is hoped that this will not take place.  The services of Castro have been highly satisfactory and it is believed the Conservative desire to secure that post in order to bring about political control in Puerto Cabezas.  ¶  MILITARY OPERATIONS.  ¶  On Saturday December 3rd a patrol of five Marines seized ten military rifles, 100 rounds of ammunition and two shot guns in the house of Laurino Aragon on the head waters of Cacra River.  Aragon was the Liberal commander in that locality during the revolution.  He and his two sons are confined in Bluefields awaiting action by the court on the charge possession of arms.  Aragon's wife stated that the arms were concealed in the house and were not turned in due to orders received to that effect from Onofrio Sandoval.  It is believed that arms are concelaed in several places on this coast by former liberal officers acting under orders from Carlos Pasos and Onofrio Sandoval.  ¶  POLITICAL SITUATION  ¶  The scrutiny of the votes in the Bluefields election has not yet been practiced due to the failure to receive the returns from Rama Cay.  It is impossible to practice an election in Rama Cay on account of the absence of both catalogues.  Nevertheless it is understood that the Minister of Government has specified December 24th for an election at Rama Cay the idea being to make the election there so late that the Conservatives can practice the scrutiny and count out the Liberal candidates and not afford time for the Liberals to appeal to the Supreme Court before the first of January thus enabling the conservative ticket to receive the offices in Bluefields for a few days at least.  No official results of the elections at Rama have been received as yet.  Conservatives claim the victory in both places however although they lost by a large majority in both places if the number of votes cast in the elections are accepted as final.  However the Conservatives would undoubtedly be justified in throwing out some of the Liberal votes because of repeating which was undoubtedly practiced by the Liberals in both places nevertheless it is believed Liberals would have had clear majority at both places if they had not practiced repeating at all.  It is stated by the Liberals in Bluefields that Dr. Sandoval will leave here for the interior December 12th in an attempt to gain a seat as Deputy from Rama in the senate.  He lost at the election at Rama for Deputy and his seating as such should not occur."

 

3.   7 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 3.    " . . . The delay in practicing the scrutiny of the municipal elections in Rama and Bluefields and the statements by Conservatives that they won the election in those places when there was a large majority of Liberal votes at both places is causing a great deal of dissatisfaction and unrest among the Liberals which may bring about serious disorders or cause demonstrations at any time.  ¶  (signed) Donald J. Kendall"

14 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 1.   "1. The following intelligence report is submitted by this office under the subheadings as specified in the reference.  ¶  GENERAL STATE OF TERRITORY OCCUPIED  ¶  Calm.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF CIVIL POPULATION TOWARD FORCES.  ¶  Radical elements antagonistic due to killing of three and wounding of one criminal in Puerto Cabezas district.  Attitude of better element somewhat prejudiced against Marines by escapades of drunken Marine in Puerto Cabezas.  ¶  ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.  ¶  Banana business continues excellent.  It is expected that the Cuyamel Fruit Company will begin shipping bananas from Punta Gorda river within thirty days and this may in a measure counteract the slackness due to the reduced mahogany cutting.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF PRESS.  ¶  Local press has treated the Marines fairly as regards the killings in Puerto Cabezas district although it is understood some of the local correspondents of papers have sent grossly exaggerated and false reports of the occurances there. . . . "

14 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 2.   " . . . ¶  FRICTION BETWEEN TROOPS AND CIVIL POPULATION.   ¶  Some friction mostly by the radical element on account of the killings of criminals by Marines in the Puerto Cabezas district.  ¶  POLICE OPERATIONS.  ¶  On Sunday December 4th Marines stationed at Wawa Central shot and killed one native Manuel Molina who with Rafael Flores was attempting to escape after having cut another native Gregorio Molina very seriously with a machete at Tungla.  Same date at Wakiwas party of three marines on a Railroad motor car were attacked by four natives armed with machetes.  The natives slashing at the Marines started to run when the Marines grabbed their rifles and two were shot and killed by the marines, shooting being the only way of preventing the escape of the natives as the car was in motion and could not be stopped immediately.  At Wakiwas about one month ago a sergeant lost his pistol and another marine was knocked down and lost his rifle momentarily in attempting to stop a drunken brawl.  The natives at Wakiwas are a particularly lawless lot and have been in the habit of stopping railroad motorcars and robbing the occupants.  At Yulu farm on the night of December 4th a native prisoner captured by Marines after a fight between some natives grabbed the rifle of a Marine but was struck by the butt and started to run.  The Marine shouted to him to stop three times and then fired and wounded the prisoner twice in the leg before stopping him so as to recapture him.  ¶  MILITARY OPERATIONS  ¶  Patrolling of railroad from Wawa Central to Puerto Cabezas and Rio Grande river from Rio Grande Bar to La Cruz.  ¶  POLITICAL SITUATION.  ¶  It is stated that Dr Sandoval has abandoned his idea of going to the interior in an endeavor to secure the seat in the Senate as deputy from Rama.  Local Liberal papers contain veiled threats that they will resort to force of arms if they are cheated out of the local elections at Rama and Bluefields.  ¶ (signed)  Donald J. Kendall."

19 December 1927.

Letter from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, to US Consul A. J.  McConnico, Bluefields.   "Dear Sir:  ¶  Referring to my protest lodged with you in the name of Paul Kling for illegal suit and costs collected by the Judge in the Bluefields Court, and paid into the Court, I am now compelled to complain that Judge Romero of said Court has refused to furnish me with a copy of said protest as stated on the records of the suit made at the time of the payment, wherein I requested he furnish me with a certified copy of the protest and details of the costs.  I have requested this three times within past ten days without result.  I did secure a receipt in bulk for the money paid, which is insufficient, and of no value if the record of the suit is mislaid or lost.  ¶  I would respectfully request that the Minister at Managua place the matter before the Supreme Court, and have them instruct by Radio that Judge Romero furnish the certified copy of the protest.  ¶  I have learned I could complain through the expense of a lawyer to the Court of Appeals, but as the Court of Appeals here refused to obey orders of the Supreme Court, they would delay my request and probably shelve it, giving ample time for the records to be expunged.  If the Appeal Court decided against the Judge, we may appeal to the Supreme Court, which would not only cause more expense than the costs paid, and be delayed indefinitely.  ¶  I appeal to the Minister through you, to see that an American Citizen is justly treated, and obtains that which he is entitled to.  ¶  Respectfully, . . . "

20 December 1927.

Letter (with cover letter by Consul A. J. McConnico to Sec. State) from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, p. 1.   "Dear Sir:  ¶  Since handing you my protest yesterday, I have received letters from Mr. Felipe La Franc of Managua, who has been attending to Mr. Paul Kling’s tax matters, in which he writes under date of 5th., inst. “the best thing to do is to await decision of Congress, and it is expected the Executive will introduce a project for abolition of fines on overdue payments.  This is what Don Vicente Cuadra advises.  There will be no demand made by Court he says”.  Under date 18th., inst. “I received your Radiogram of the 9th, and it really upset me because it was completely understood with Don Vicente Cuadra of Negociado, that the matter of fines would be left over until Congress made a ruling in the matter; and it was considered a certainty that a law would be established allowing back payments of taxes without the multas to be paid.  However Don Vicente was at Granada when your message came, so I had Don Luis Medal have the District Judge suspend all demands until matters were arranged here; the order was sent by Radio”.  ¶  From above you will see more clearly the animus in forcing Mr. Kling to pay multas and illegal costs.  ¶  Respectfully,  ¶  (signed) Sam'l Weil, for Paul Kling of New Orleans La"

20 December 1927.

Letter (with cover letter by Consul A. J. McConnico to Sec. State) from Samuel Weil, Bluefields, for Paul Kling of New Orleans, p. 2.   "SIR:  ¶  I have the honor, referring to my letter of December 7, 1927, in which I submitted a complaint of Mr. Sam’l Weil in behalf of Mr. Paul Kling, to transmit herewith an additional complaint of Mr. Weil giving further information on the case.  ¶  It appears from the additional complaint that the local Judge and the lawyer, who were attempting to enforce the payment of taxes, were working in haste to collect these taxes from Mr. Weil, knowing that it was the object of the Nicaraguan Government to repeal all fines of such a nature, (pertaining to mines). And as I understand, they were in receipt of information not to press the suit.  ¶  I have the honor to be, Sir,  ¶  Your obedient servant,  ¶  A. J. McConnico,  ¶  American Consul."

22 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 1.   "1. The following intelligence report is submitted by this office under the subheadings as specified in the reference.  ¶  GENERAL STATEMENT OF TERRITORY OCCUPIED  ¶  Calm.  Bluefields district consistent rumors of armed demonstrations organizing for December 25th anniversary of Pearl Lagoon battle, in protest against Conservatives mismanagement of recent local elections.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF CIVIL POPULATION TOWARD FORCES  ¶  Quiet.  ¶  ECONOMIC CONDITIONS  ¶  Unchanged.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF PRESS.  ¶  Favorable.  ¶  FRICTION BETWEEN TROOPS AND CIVIL POPULATION  ¶  Very little.  ¶  POLICE OPERATIONS  ¶  Unchanged as regards native forces.  A marine patrol on Sunday December 18th apprehended the remaining member of Pearl Lagoon assassins completing the capture of all members of the band indicted by the district criminal judge.  A marine patrol found and took statements from two eye witnesses of the assassinations there completing the chain of evidence for the prosecution of men who killed John Bolton an American citizen there last May. . . . "

22 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 2.   " . . . MILITARY OPERATIONS  ¶  Force at La Cruz withdrawn Saturday December 17th leaving four men only to guard the Cuyamel Fruit Company’s river boats.  ¶  POLITICAL SITUATION  ¶  Little political activity as the liberals have apparently come to the conclusion that the conservatives has succeeded temporarily in counting out their candidate who polled the majority of votes in the local elections. They seem to be awaiting placing in office of the conservative mayor on January 1st and then intend to complaint to the liberal supreme court with the expectation that the conservative will be removed and the liberal candidate placed in office.  Although December 25th has been designed as the date for the election in the canton of Rama Cay no excitement is shown by either side as it will be impossible to practice the election due to the loss of the voters catalogues.  ¶  (signed) Donald J. Kendall"

27 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 1.   "1. The following intelligence report is submitted by this office under the subheadings as specified in the reference.  ¶  GENERAL STATE OF TERRITORY OCCUPIED  ¶  Calm.  ¶  ATTITUDE OF CIVIL POPULATION TOWARD FORCES  ¶  Tolerant to favorable. Improvement of the attitude of the civilian population toward forces is indicated by the fact that officers and men are often invited to dances in the native and foreign clubs and to dinners in the native homes.  ¶  ECONOMIC CONDITIONS  ¶  Improved due to the unprecedented demand for bananas and the commencement of production and shipping of bananas at Bragmans Bluff and Punta Gorda.  The Banana Industry has absorbed the surplus labor form the suspended mahogany operations and also reached out to import more field hands.  This has operated to increased wages and banana production, and to improve business.  ¶
 ATTITUDE OF PRESS.  ¶  Favorable.  One conservative newspaper published correct details of the killings of natives by Marines at Wakiwas while the other conservative spanish paper and the Liberal spanish paper ignored the incident.  The creole liberal newspaper published in english, gave the correct details of the affair.  All the newspapers ignored the escapade of two drunken Marines who 'beat up' several civilians in Bluefields, except the creole paper, which published a brief account passing it off as mischief 'caused by the Marines indulgence in the pernicious native drink known as casusa [cususa].' . . . "

27 December 1927.

Intelligence Report, Capt. D. J. Kendall, Bluefields, p. 2.   " . . . ¶  FRICTION BETWEEN TROOPS AND CIVIL POPULATION  ¶  None.  ¶  POLICE OPERATIONS  ¶  Two raids for arms made by Marine Forces at Bluefields without results other than one shotgun found in farm house of Onofre Sandoval.  ¶  POLITICAL SITUATION  ¶  Although Sunday December 25th was designated by the President for local election at Rama Cay none were held due to the fact that both Liberal and Conservative Catalogues of voters for that place are missing.  It is expected that the Conservatives will assume office in Bluefields January 1st although the scrutiny has not yet been practiced.  If the Conservatives secure office the Liberals will promptly protest to the Supreme Court. Little talk is heard regarding politics at this time.  The present Mayor has written a letter stating that the Jefe Politico failed to publish by hand the Mayor’s proclamation showing the 25th of December as the date on which the catalogues must be produced and the election practiced at Rama Cay therefore in view of the Jefe Politico’s failure to publish the proclamation by hand the Mayor has named the 16th of January as the date on which the catalogues must be produced if in existence and the 22nd of January as the date of the election at Rama Cay if either catalogue is found, and the Mayor is publishing this proclamation by letter and in one of the papers named by the local Court of Appeals in accordance with the law.  ¶  (signed) Donald J. Kendall"

31 December 1927.
List of Correspondence 1927, US Consul A. J. McConnico, Bluefields.  
"CLAIMS AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT:  ¶  Allen, Mrs. Mary. 350.  ¶  Brand, A.B. 350  ¶  Bolten, John G. 350.  ¶  Chow, Francisco 350  ¶  Grover, Albert A. 350  ¶  Hatoya, Juan 350  ¶  Klock, N.P.A. 350  ¶  Otis Manufacturing Company 350  ¶  Walker, Thomas. 350  ¶  Welcome, Tyler 350  ¶  Wo Hing and Company 350  ¶  Wong, Tio 350  ¶  BONANZA MINES COMPANY’S CASE 350  ¶  CHILD’S CLAIM, VERNON L. 350  ¶  Fagot, Complaint of Albert 350  ¶  Fagot, H. E., Case of 350  ¶  Frank’s Leon, case 350  ¶  Kling, Paul, case of 350  ¶  Milon’s, Stephen, Claim 350  ¶  Spears, Henry, Case of 350  ¶  Cemetery at Graytown 360  ¶  Congresses and Conferences 500  ¶  Commerce and Industries 600."

 

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