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the atlantic coast  •  last page !
 the  1940s to the  1980s

A T L A N T I C    C O A S T    D O C S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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   THIS IS THE LAST OF THE 53 PAGES of documents for NICARAGUA'S ATLANTIC COAST REGION!  Its only job is to house materials dating from the 1940s to the 1980s.

     And so these East Coast pages come to a close, with this final page housing the few relevant documents from the period after 1940.  Aerial photographs of the main US-built airstrips in the Atlantic Coast – at Siuna (La Luz), Bluefields, and Alamicamba on the Prinzapolka River – offer a visual depiction of these important legacies of the US occupation a decade after the final Marine withdrawal. 

     We then skip forward four decades from the 1942 aerial photos to the 1982 oral testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba (b. 1909), the only testimony of the 155 or so produced by the Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo of a native Costeño.  (For more on the IES testimonies, see IES-DOCS.)  Originally from Bluefields and a former banana worker on the plantations on the Río Escondido, Sr. Ortega Aldaba offers a fascinating if often problematic narrative of the EDSN’s actions on the Coast.  Claiming to have originally joined up with the forces of Gen. Pedrón, he says he also served under Generals Carlos Salgado, Juan Pablo Umanzor, Pedro Blandón, and Adán Gómez, though the veracity of some of his narratives remains dubious (e.g., he says he participated in the Battle of Rama, but despite Sandinista mythologies there was no EDSN action against Rama, while his claim to have been in the Battle of Ocotal is highly doubtful).  In any case, his testimony is included here because it’s the only one narrated by a native Costeño.

     Tom Bartlett’s 1984 story in The Leatherneck reprises Capt. Merritt Edson’s Río Coco patrol of 1928, drawing some suggestive comparisons to Vietnam, while the final item, an obscure 1985 essay by Ted Vincent in The Black Scholar, traces the connection between Sandino’s nationalist project and Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association in the 1920s.  Vincent’s assertions about the Nicaraguan UNIA’s sympathies toward the rebel leader remain highly dubious, though his essay does offer a unique window (and cite several obscure sources) on a little-studied aspect of the period.

     Readers interested in more detailed treatment of specific episodes & events highlighted on these pages, including the seven major EDSN offensives into the Coast, are invited to visit the Documentary Annex.

PERIOD MAPS

1894 mosquito shore

27 MB, library of congress

1920s Standard Fruit

6.5 mb, US National archives

1928 Rio wanks Patrol

3 mb, us national archives

1931 Moravian

2.4 mb, comenius press

1.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 1. 
 " . . . NAME AND LOCATION: SIUNA (LA LUZ)  ¶  About 5 kilometers from La Luz Gold Mines. 2 miles S of Siuna - about 1/2 mile form mine. . . . LANDMARKS: 5 kilometers S of small village surrounding L Luz Gold Mining Co."

2.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 2.   
Aerial photograph of La Luz Mines.

3.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 3.   
Second aerial photograph of La Luz Mines.

4.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 4.   
Aerial photograph of Siuna airfield looking toward town of Siuna.

5.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 5.   
Aerial photograph of Siuna airfield looking away from town of Siuna.

6.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 6.   
Aerial photograph of Siuna airfield.

7.     17 December 1942.
Description of Siuna (La Luz) Airfield, US War Department, p. 7.   
Sketch & brief description of Siuna airfield.

1.     18 December 1942.
Description of Bluefields Airport, US War Department, p. 1.  
" . . . NAME AND LOCATION: BLUEFIELDS. On side slpe of low hill 1/2 mi. S of town, and about 900' from edge of lagoon. . . . ¶  LANDMARKS: 4 Kms. from city and port of Bluefields. Large Laguna 1/4 mi. N of field. . . ."

2.     18 December 1942.
Description of Bluefields Airport, US War Department, p. 2.   
Aerial photograph of airfield looking north.

3.     18 December 1942.
Description of Bluefields Airport, US War Department, p. 3.   
Second aerial photograph of airfield looking north.

1.     19 December 1942.
Description of Alamicamba Airport, about 4 km. west of town of Alamicamba on Prinzapolka River, US War Department, p. 1.  
" . . . NAME AND LOCATION:  ALAMICAMBA.  About 4 kms. West of small town on Prinzapolka River.  ¶  . . . LANDMARKS:  4 km. W of Prinzapolka River. . . ."

2.     19 December 1942.
Description of Alamicamba Airport, about 4 km. west of town of Alamicamba on Prinzapolka River, US War Department, p. 2.   
Aerial photograph of airfield looking north.

3.     19 December 1942.
Description of Alamicamba Airport, about 4 km. west of town of Alamicamba on Prinzapolka River, US War Department, p. 3.   
Aerial photograph of town of Alamicamba on Prinzapolka River, near airfield, & the road from the town to airfield.

4.     19 December 1942.
Description of Alamicamba Airport, about 4 km. west of town of Alamicamba on Prinzapolka River, US War Department, p. 4.   
Aerial photograph of Alamicamba airport looking East toward town of Alamicamba & down Prinzapolka River.

1.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 1.

2.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 2.

3.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 3.

4.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 4.

5.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 5.

6.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 6.

7.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 7.

8.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 8.

9.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 9.

10.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 10.

11.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 11.

12.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 12.

13.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 13.

14.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 14.

15.     24 February 1982.
Oral Testimony of Nasario Ortega Aldaba, Instituto de Estudio del Sandinismo (IES 039), Managua, p. 15.

September 1984.
"The Banana War Marine," story by Tom Bartlett, The Leatherneck, Sept. 1984, p. 1.

September 1984.
"The Banana War Marine," story by Tom Bartlett, The Leatherneck, Sept. 1984, p. 2.

1.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 1.

2.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 2.

3.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 3.

4.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 4.

5.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 5.

6.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 6.

7.     May-June 1985.
"Sandino's Aid from the Black American Press," article by Ted Vincent, The Black Scholar, p. 7.

   
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A T L A N T I C    C O A S T    D O C S
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