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the atlantic coast  •  1926-1934
DOCUMENTARY ANNEX HOMEPAGE

A T L A N T I C    C O A S T    D O C S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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   THIS IS THE HOMEPAGE OF THE DOCUMENTARY ANNEX FOR THESE ATLANTIC COAST PAGES, meant in part to accompany my article "Social Geographies of Grievance & War: Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast Region in the First Sandinista Revolution, 1926-1934," Dialectical Anthropology, September 2012.

     Immediately below one will find an interactive map that identifies key features of the Atlantic Coast's social & economic geography in the time of the Sandino Rebellion.

     Below that are links to pages that examine various aspects of the rebellion on the Coast, focusing in particular on the EDSN's sporadic incursions into the region, from the first raids on the mining districts in March-April 1928 until the end of the war & Sandino's assassination.  Most of these pages are currently in progress.

PERIOD MAPS

1894 mosquito shore

27 MB, library of congress

1920s Standard Fruit

6.5 mb, US National archives

1928 Rio wanks Patrol

3 mb, us national archives

1931 Moravian

2.4 mb, comenius press

 


Interactive Map of Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast Region

© Michael J. Schroeder, 2012

Click on the legend labels to toggle various social-geographic features.  This map is adapted from several published & unpublished maps. The "Unoccuped, Disputed & Pacified Zones" schema is from Julian C. Smith, "A Review of the Organization and Operations of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua" (unpublished mss., MCRC, 1933, opposite p. 44).  The zones of densest Miskitu & Creole settlement are adapted from Wolfgang Gabbert, Creoles-Afroamerikaner im karibischen Tiefland von Nicaragua (Die Deutsche Bibliothek: Hamburg, 1992).  Other features are based on archival sources.  Many thanks to Arnold-Grant funded Lebanon Valley College student-researcher Zachary A. Knecht for his excellent work creating this map.


   Links to 14 additional pages on the seven major EDSN incursions into the Atlantic Coast region & its western hinterlands and other specific epidodes of these years appear below:

EDSN INCURSIONS INTO THE ATLANTIC COAST REGION, 1927-1933

Page

Dates

Description

Estimated No. of Rebels

Duration

1

1928
April 12 - May 8

Gen. J. M. Girón, Marcos Agüero raids on La Luz & Pis Pis districts

200

3 wks

2

1930
May 9-21

Gen. Pedrón Altamirano & others, raids on La Luz & Pis Pis districts

100

2 wks

3

1931
Jan. 16-23

Col. Abraham Rivera, Lt. Medina, others to Sacklin & Kisalaya

30

1 wk

4

1931
Feb. 24-April 15

(1) Gen. Pedrón to La Luz district, Tungla, El Gallo, Quepi, Prinzapolka Boom (Feb-March), and (2) Gen. Pedro Blandón, Cols. Timoteo Altamirano, Abraham Rivera & others to Cabo Gracias & outskirts of Puerto Cabezas; Blandón kills Moravian Bregenzer March 31 & is killed at Logtown April 14

500

8 wks

5

1931
July 2-19

(1) Gen. Pedrón w/ 300 into Chontales, and (2) Gen. Carlos Salgado, Col. Abraham Rivera, others w/ 150 to Siuna & Lower Coco

450

2.5 wks

6

1931-1932
OOct. 12, 1931-Feb. 8, 1932

Series of offensives & retreats: Gen. Salgado, Lt. Col. Perfecto Chavarría to lower Coco & near Puerto Cabezas; Gens. Pedrón, Irías, Salgado, Cols. Rivera, Chavarría, others to Siuna (Dec. 14), Neptune (Dec. 18), Prinzapolka, Tungla (Dec. 20-25)

400

118 wks

7

1932
AApril 14-July 17

(1) Kisalaya mutineer Sgt. Jiménez attack on Kisalaya w/ 50 (April 14); (2) Gens. Pedrón & Irías & Peralta raid on Pis Pis w/ 400-500 (May 19-26); (3), Gen. Morales & Col. Abraham Rivera near Puerto Cabezas w/ 80 (May 15-25); Gens.Simón González & Francisco Estrada raid on Vaccaro Farm (July 5-7); Gens. Pedrón & Irías raid of commissaries on Río Grande de Matagalpa (mid-July).

400-500

14 wks


PAGES ON OTHER NOTABLE ACTORS & EPISODES

8

3 October 1931

On the Death of Adolfo Cockburn

9

4 April 1932

On the Kisalaya Mutiny

10

1922-1933

On the Case of Albert Fagot

11

January 1927

On Sandino's Acquisition of Arms near Puerto Cabezas in early January 1927 at the height of the 1926-27 Civil War

12

February 1933-February 1934

On the Atlantic Coast Region during the "Year of Peace"

13

1980s

On Representations of the Atlantic Coast Region & its Peoples in the IES Testimonies

14

1923-1933

On Strikes, Work Stoppages & Other Forms of Workers' Direct Action on the Coast

15

forthcoming

 

   

A T L A N T I C    C O A S T    D O C S
thru 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 +

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
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